The Important Role Of Cellular Antioxidants

The Important Role Of Cellular Antioxidants

A few people know that the key to healthy life and youthfulness are about the anti-oxidation of cells. However, not everyone knows about the process and how to effectively anti-oxidize cells. The following information will help you learn more about this issue.

  1. WHAT IS CELLULAR ANTIOXIDANTS?

Free radicals are molecules that lose electrons and gradually become unbalanced. Those molecules will tend to take electrons from other molecules. Macromolecule in cells such as lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and even RNA and DNA have special affinity for free radicals, thereby becoming the target of oxidative damage also damages the cellular structures. Every day, hundreds of thousands of free radicals attack the human body. When entering the body, free radicals does not stop creating free radicals and causing cells to function abnormally. That is the oxidation process.

 

  1. AFFECTS OF OXIDATION 

Free radicals are the “culprits” that cause a chain reaction against the body leading to DNA and other organelles damage. To ensure a balanced system, the human body also continuously produces antioxidants. However, the reality shows that metabolism causes endogenous and exogenous agents (polluted environment, dirty food, ultraviolet rays, etc.) to change the balance of the system. From there, free radicals increase and antioxidants reduction make the process of cell macromolecule destruction take place quickly, destroying many healthy cells.

  1. WHAT IS ANTIOXIDANTS?

Antioxidants are substances that can prevent or slow damage to cells caused by free radicals, unstable molecules that the body produces as a reaction to environmental and other pressures. Antioxidants are said to help neutralize free radicals in our bodies, and this is thought to boost overall health.

The best sources of antioxidants are plant-based foods, especially fruits and vegetables.

Foods that are particularly high in antioxidants are often referred to as a “superfood” or “functional food.”

To obtain some specific antioxidants, try to include the following in your diet:

Vitamin A: Dairy produce, eggs, and liver

Vitamin C: Most fruits and vegetables, especially berries, oranges, and bell peppers

Vitamin E: Nuts and seeds, sunflower and other vegetable oils, and green, leafy vegetables

Beta-carotene: Brightly colored fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, peas, spinach, and mangoes

Lycopene: Pink and red fruits and vegetables, including tomatoes and watermelon

Lutein: Green, leafy vegetables, corn, papaya, and oranges

Selenium: Rice, corn, wheat, and other whole grains, as well as nuts, eggs, cheese, and legumes

Other foods that are believed to be good sources of antioxidants include:

  • eggplants
  • legumes such as black beans or kidney beans
  • green and black teas
  • red grapes
  • dark chocolate
  • pomegranates
  • goji berries

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